Special Educational Needs (SEN) and/or Disabilities (D) & Inclusion
At Hackbridge Primary School, we are committed to offering an inclusive curriculum to ensure the best possible progress for all of our pupils whatever their needs or abilities. Our educational aims for children with special educational needs and/or disabilities are the same as those for all children in the school.
The school's information report can be seen here and can also be accessed, along with a variety of other information at Sutton's Local Offer website here.
What are special educational needs?
If your child has more difficulties than most children their age with aspects of their learning, communication or behaviour, they are likely to benefit from additional support in school which will enable them to access the curriculum at their level.
Good special needs practice is good practice for all pupils, which is of utmost importance as any pupil may encounter difficulties at some stage in their school lives.
Within school, this means that they will be identified on the school's special educational needs register so that provision to meet their needs can be planned for.
Sometimes parents/carers can be concerned about their child being added to this register; please do not be. It is simply a record of which children require additional support and allows the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator to ensure that resources are allocated appropriately and to enable support to be sought for your child.
As children progress, they may be taken off of the register at a future point when their needs no longer require additional support.
Children are not regarded as having a learning difficulty solely because the language or form of language of their home is different from the language in which they will be taught.
What is a disability?
A person has a disability if he or she has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long term adverse affect on his or her ability to carry out normal, day to day activities.
Children with a disability have special educational needs if they have any difficulty in accessing education and if they need any special educational provision to be made for them, that is anything that is additional to or different from what is normally available in school.
What needs do we have experience of supporting at our school?
Hackbridge Primary School is a mainstream school with general experience of supporting pupils with a range of differing needs including learning difficulties, social, emotional and mental health difficulties, physical difficulties, sensory impairments, speech, language & communication difficulties, autistic spectrum disorder, medical difficulties and other difficulties or disabilities. We do not have a special unit for any type of special educational need or disability.
All the teachers in our school are teachers of children with special educational needs. As such, Hackbridge Primary School adopts a 'whole school approach' to special educational needs which involves all the staff adhering to a model of good practice. The staff of the school are committed to identifying and providing for the needs of all children in a wholly inclusive environment. Inclusion is regarded as crucial to the policy, in line with that of the Local Authority. This means that all children with SEND are taught together with their peers for the majority of the time, being withdrawn for short periods only when specialist provision cannot be incorporated in any other way due to practical considerations for the child and the class as a whole.
The Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCo)
All mainstream schools must appoint a designated teacher; the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCo), who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the school's SEND policy. He or she will co-ordinate provision for pupils with SEND and liaise with parents, staff and external agencies.
The named SENCo for Hackbridge Primary School is Miss Robins.
Two members of the Governing body, Mrs Baughan and Mrs Prior, take a special interest in SEND, although the Governing Body as a whole is responsible for making provision for pupils with special educational needs.
Relationships with Parents/Carers
We recognise the value of parents/carers knowledge of their children and will seek to use that information in planning support for pupils. Parents/carers are encouraged to be fully involved with their child's educational provision, so that a collaborative problem solving approach can be implemented.
Class Teachers will meet with parents/carers termly to discuss a child's progress and any interventions which are planned.
Throughout all stages of support, parents/carers are kept informed.
The SENCo, or an Assistant Manager from the SEN Team, will contact parents to discuss referrals to outside agencies, such as the Speech & Language Therapy etc. Parental permission is always sought before any referral is made.
We encourage parents to discuss any concerns that they may have about their child's needs. This is usually initially with the Class Teacher, although parents can also make an appointment to meet with the SENCo directly.
Parents are always welcomed into the school and are a highly valued group of people.
Access to the Curriculum
All children are entitled to a balanced and broadly based curriculum including the Early Years Foundation Stage and National Curriculum in line with the school's policy of inclusion. Where pupils have special educational needs and/or disabilities, a graduated response will be adopted. The school will, in other than exceptional cases, make full use of classroom and school resources before drawing on external support.
It is desirable to work with children with SEND in the classroom and to enable them to access the full curriculum at their level through differentiation and by supporting their learning alongside the class teacher and with the rest of the class. Sometimes children benefit from a period of time of individual attention/small group attention, external to the classroom, to address specific skills to enable them to access the curriculum more fully. Children are then withdrawn into a specialist group teaching room and given 1:1 or small group support in a quiet atmosphere, without distractions from others around them.
All children are encouraged to talk about how they feel about their learning and their progress and are encouraged to feel able to 'have a go' to take charge of their own learning. The rest of the class are encouraged to be supportive to SEND/all children by encouraging and helping each other to tackle tasks and to join in with the praise and encouragement given by the teacher which are fundamental to this process.
There will be flexible grouping of pupils so that learning needs may be met in individual, small group or whole class contexts. The curriculum will be differentiated to meet the needs of individual pupils. Teaching styles and flexible groups will reflect this approach.
Schemes of work for pupils, within classes and year groups, will reflect whole school approaches to teaching and learning and will take account of special educational needs. Curriculum tasks and activities may be broken down into a series of small and achievable steps for pupils who have marked learning difficulties.
A child's special educational needs and/or disabilities will be met at one of the following stages:
An informal stage where class teachers identify a concern about a pupil's progress, gather available information about the pupil, discuss strategies for providing appropriate learning tasks for the pupil with the SENCo and seek to discuss concerns with the pupil's parents/carers.
Since the publication of the DfE's revised Code of Practice in July 2014, and its subsequent updates, the vast majority of pupils with special educational needs will have their needs met within the category of 'SEN Support'. There is a graduated approach to the support provided within this stage, using the trigger criteria published in the London Borough of Sutton's Graduated Support for Special Educational Needs document. The triggers for intervention could be the teacher's or others' concern, underpinned by evidence, about a child who, despite receiving differentiated learning opportunities
- makes little or no progress even when teaching approaches are targeted particularly in a child's identified area of weakness.
- shows signs of difficulty in developing literacy or numeracy skills which result in poor attainment in some curriculum areas.
- presents persistent social, emotional or mental health difficulties or behaviour difficulties which are not ameliorated by the emotional literacy or behaviour management techniques usually employed by the school.
- has sensory or physical problems, and continues to make little or no progress despite the provision of specialist equipment.
- has communication and/or interaction difficulties and continues to make little or no progress despite the provision of a differentiated curriculum.
Provision is mainly classroom based, managed by the Class Teacher, where:
- the Class Teacher details interventions within the school's provision mapping, with advice from the school's SEND team as necessary, which they will inform the pupil's parents/carers about.
- progress is reviewed on an at least termly basis.
- at the termly review, decisions are made about future targets.
- the majority of support is provided in class by the Class Teacher and LSA, but there may be some low-level involvement from the school's SEND team.
If, despite significant support and intervention at the early stages of support, the school has evidence that a pupil is making insufficient progress, or if the SENCo believes the nature of the pupil's difficulties requires it, we may seek further advice and support from external professionals. The criteria for referrals are set by the Local Authority.
The triggers could be that, despite having received an individualised programme and/or concentrated support, the child:
- continues to make little or no progress in specific areas over a long period
- continues working at National Curriculum levels substantially below that expected of children of a similar age
- continues to have difficulty developing literacy and numeracy skills
- has emotional and behavioural difficulties which substantially and regularly interfere with the child's own learning or that of the class group, despite having an individualised behaviour management programme
- has sensory or physical needs, and requires additional specialist equipment or regular advice or visits by a specialist service
- has ongoing communication or interaction difficulties that impede the development of social relationships and cause substantial barriers to learning
Provision is still mainly classroom based, with additional advice/input from the SENCo and support from members of the school's SEN Team, where the school:
- will continue to work closely with parents.
- will continue to keep the pupil's progress under regular review.
- may seek the involvement of external agencies to help plan the interventions for the pupil or to provide a course of support which is carried out in school in a small group situation or a 1:1 basis.
Reviews are carried out as before.
If a child is still experiencing significant difficulties after recommendations from outside agencies have been put in place, actioned and reviewed after a length of time, the SENCo and other professionals may consult with parents and agree that the school will put forward a request for the consideration of the initiation of an education, health and care needs assessment if everything that has been tried so far does not seem to be making sufficient difference to the child's situation and development.
The criteria for applying for an education, health and care needs assessment are set by the Local Authority.
The SENCo will discuss any cases where it is likely that an application for an education, health and care needs assessment may need to be made with the Educational Psychology Service.
Request for the consideration of the initiation of an education, health and care needs assessment
The school will use reports from all of the professionals involved with the child to complete the statutory forms required by the local authority in which the pupil is resident. All of these reports are then submitted to the Local Authority's SEN Panel where it will be decided whether an education, health and care needs assessment will be granted.
Parents'/carers' views and feelings are sought throughout this process. Their views are submitted on a form which will be provided for this purpose.
If an education, health and care needs assessment is granted, then the Local Authority's SEN Panel will request detailed reports from all of the professionals involved about the child's development, progress and the difficulties being experienced, with details of what has been provided to support the child up to this stage.
A draft plan will then be drawn up which will detail the child's specific special educational needs and required provision. This is then returned to the Local Authority's SEN Panel for their consideration as to whether or not the plan is needed.
If the SEN Panel are in agreement that a plan is needed, then the Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP) will be finalised. At this point, this would also include detail of any additional funding which is being provided to the school and how this must be used as well as detailing the agreed school placement for the child.
The SEN Panel may make a recommendation as part of the process as to the best placement of the child in light of their special educational needs.
It must be pointed out to parents that not all requests for an education, health and care needs assessment are successful, and that not all plans which are drawn up in draft will be agreed, and that these decisions will be up to the Local Authority's SEN Panel.
Where an education, health and care needs assessment is not agreed or where an EHCP is not issued, the school will continue to provide support for that child at 'SEN Support' and decisions will be made about gathering evidence for a further request to be made if this is deemed appropriate/necessary.
Whilst the LA makes its decision about whether an education, health and care needs assessment is necessary, and whilst any subsequent assessment is being made, the child continues to be supported at 'SEN Support'.
Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP)
The production of an Education, Health & Care Plan is organised by the London Borough of Sutton (or other local authority in which the pupil is resident), in close liaison with the school, external agencies involved with the pupil and the pupil's parents/carers.
Whenever an EHCP is agreed for the first time, the Local Authority have to consult with the school's Governing Body as to whether or not they feel able to offer the pupil a continued place at the school based on their needs and the provision required, as outlined in the EHCP.
The provision set out in a pupil's EHCP will be closely monitored by the SENCo and reviewed annually. Parents/carers will be invited to contribute to the review and attend the review meeting.
If a pupil makes sufficient progress, an EHCP may be discontinued by the Local Authority.
Our School's SEN Team
The school's team of educational support staff support children's learning both in class as well as through specific intervention groups. This team is led and managed by the SENCo.
Learning Support Assistants (LSAs) and Teaching Assistants (TAs)
Our team of LSAs and TAs work across a year group to provide support and interventions for identified children in relation to Phonics, Reading, Literacy and Numeracy skills. This enables us to offer support to those children with graduated levels of need at 'SEN Support'. Their work is carried out under the direction of the class teacher, SENCo and/or external agencies.
Senior Teaching Assistants for SEND (STAs SEND)
Our STAs for SEND work with children at 'SEN Support' or in receipt of an EHCP on specific targets. They support in small groups and individually, and occasionally within the classroom. The STAs SEND meet with the SENCo on a regular basis to plan for the provision for children with SEND within the school. The STAs SEND also help and advise LSAs, TAs and teachers on resources available within the school and children's progress against their current targets. They carry out specific learning difficulties assessments and assess all mid-term entrants on entry.
Intervention groups include a wide range of intervention programmes including Precision Teaching, the Early Literacy Support programme, our own school programmes for supporting Phonics, Reading, Writing and Maths development, Word Steps, Wave 3 Maths, the Teodorescu Handwriting programme and Fine & Gross Motor skills groups.
Assistant Manager for SEND, EAL & Inclusion
Our Assistant Manager for SEND, EAL & Inclusion works mainly with children who are at the higher end of 'SEN Support' and above on the SEND Register. They work closely with the SENCo and the STAs SEND to plan for the provision for children with SEND within the school. They also help and advise LSAs, TAs, STAs SEND and teachers on resources available within the school and next steps for individuals in relation to their needs and targets. They work with the SENCo to collate and record information required to make referrals to external agencies. They are qualified as a Higher Level Teaching Assistant and an Emotional Literacy Support Assistant. They are also able to complete the Early Help Assessment Tool with parents to identify needs and access additional services through the Local Authority's Early Help services.
Assistant Manager for Inclusion with child protection responsibilities
Our Assistant Manager for Inclusion provides support for children with social, emotional or behavioural difficulties. They run a Lunchtime Inclusion Group and our Family Group (based on The Marlborough Project). They provide a safe and secure environment for children to talk to an adult, particularly for those children who have low self-esteem, poor social skills or feel differently from their peers. The Assistant Manager for Inclusion is qualified as a Higher Level Teaching Assistant and is also able to complete the Early Help Assessment Tool with parents to identify needs and access additional services through the Local Authority's Early Help services. They also work with the Designated Lead for Safeguarding and Child Protection in school and support families working with a range of parenting and Children's Services.
Child & Family Support Worker (C&FSW)
We employ a C&FSW for one day a week. She runs drop-in sessions for parents and works with identified parents and their children on individual issues, as well as running group projects across the school. The C&FSW is able to support parents to identify needs and access additional local services. We employ our C&FSW from Jigsaw4U.
External Support Agencies
The school has to consider the possible need for any external agency involvement within the financial constraints of its budget each year with due consideration to the efficient use of resources to support the needs of all pupils.
The school can make referrals to the following health agencies:
- NHS Speech & Language Therapy Services - referrals are made for pupils with speech and language difficulties. Children can be referred to the service up to the end of their Reception year in school. The department that pupils are referred to (Sutton, Merton, Croydon etc) is dependent on the health authority in which their registered GP is based.
- NHS Occupational Therapy Service - referrals are made via the School Nursing Service. Children can be referred to the service up until their 6th birthday.
- NHS Community Paediatric Department - referrals can be made for health assessments for children of any age and also for the consideration of possible social communication difficulties for a child under 5 years of age.
- NHS Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) - referrals can be made for a range of mental health issues including for the assessment of possible social communication difficulties for a child aged 5 years and over.
Links with Health Services, Educational Welfare Services and Voluntary Organisations
The School Nurse makes regular visits to school to carry out health assessments and is always at the end of the phone to offer advice and find out information whenever needed for parents/carers of children from Reception upwards.
We can also liaise with the Health Visiting Service for any child attending our nursery classes.
Referrals made to the NHS Speech and Language Therapy Service may result in children being put on a waiting list for assessment. Following the assessment, the report is fed back to school with relevant information to help plan the way forward.
The Headteacher works closely with an external School Attendance Officer who comes in to school regularly. Concerns about attendance or punctuality are followed up very quickly.
Children's Services become involved if a referral is made to them with concerns about a child or they sometimes notify the school of concerns raised by another external agency.
The Sutton Information, Advice and Support Service provides information to all parents of pupils with special educational needs. Parents of any pupil identified with SEN may contact the Sutton Information, Advice and Support Service for independent support and advice. Their details can be found here.
Parents are always welcomed into the school and are a highly valued group of people.
Where any referral is agreed to be made, the SENCo will make this in line with the individual referral criteria for that agency. Any such referral will always be first agreed with parents/carers.
Allocation of Resources
Resources are allocated in light of our principles of early identification and intervention and best value. Priorities are constantly being updated as it is of the utmost importance to address needs immediately and to prevent them from escalating into something more serious, whilst ensuring the balance of equal opportunities is maintained.
The School Building
The school complies with the Disability Discrimination Act, through ensuring equal access to both the school's buildings and curriculum. At present there is wheelchair access to all buildings, except to one hut. The school also has an induction loop system fitted to the Central Hall and Main School Office. The curricular provision also takes account of children's individual needs.
Admission & Inclusion Arrangements
The school's admissions criteria does not discriminate against pupils with special education needs and/or disabilities, and its admissions policy has due regard for the guidance in the Code of Practice which accompany the SEN and Disability Act 2001.
The school follows the current admissions criteria as laid down in the London Borough of Sutton leaflet which is available to all parents. Provided there is a place available within the appropriate year group, all children for whom an application has been made through the general admission processes will be admitted whatever their learning ability.
The borough policy offers school places as a first priority to children with exceptional medical or social needs. Such needs have to be supported by an appropriate agency. There will be close liaison between all relevant parties involved in these situations.
Children with physical disability will be admitted provided the school facilities are sufficient at that time to allow full access to all areas necessary for that child's education to be fully provided. Parents or carers seeking the admission of a pupil with mobility difficulties are advised to approach the school well in advance so that consultations can take place.
Parents or carers seeking the admission of a pupil in receipt of an EHCP (or Statement of Special Educational Needs which has not yet been converted) must do so through the London Borough of Sutton's SEN Team, who will arrange the appropriate consultation with the school's Governing Body regarding possible admission in respect of whether the school has the appropriate provision and capacity to meet that pupil's needs. All such cases are reviewed on an individual basis.
For further information about provision for pupils with SEND, please contact the SENCo, Miss Robins.